Location: Sacramento, California
Federal Circuit: 9th Circuit
California State University – Sacramento has been given the speech code rating Red. A red light university has at least one policy that both clearly and substantially restricts freedom of speech. Read more here.
Red Light Policies
* Verbal, non-verbal, or physical
* Exclusion based upon personal or group differences
* Intimidation or humiliation based on personal or group differences
* Abusive language, threats of any kind -- real, false, implied,or perceived -- against a person or property or similar acts of bigotry, racism, sexism or discrimination
* Jokes, comments, gossip or graffiti that perpetuate personal or group myths, fallacies, prejudices or stereotypes
* Any subtle or direct references, based on race, sex, age, disability, sexual orientation, national origin or religion, which demean,
exclude, intimidate or adversely affect an individual or group
* Unsolicited e-mail or telephone calls containing abusive language or threats that causes discomfort, derogatory, or sexual in nature
* Unsolicited, deliberate or repeated sexually derogatory statements, gestures or physical contact that are objectionable to the recipient and that cause discomfort or humiliation
* Pressure from a person of either sex against a person of the opposite or same sex
* Unwelcome sexual behavior or words including demands for sexual favors accompanied by implied or overt threats concerning an individual’s educational or employment status
* Conduct that is criminal in nature such as rape, sexual assault,
stalking and similar offenses
commonly referred to as cyber bullying. cyber bullying
includes, but is not limited to the following misuses of
technology: harassing, teasing, intimidating, or threatening
another person by sending or posting inappropriate and
hurtful email messages, instant messages, text messages,
digital pictures or images or Website postings, including blogs
and social network systems.
backgrounds. In this community setting, harassment, bigotry
and denigration of individuals is not acceptable
That race, ethnicity, national origin, gender, sexual orientation, marital status, pregnancy, age, disability or veteran status shall not be used in a derogatory manner in the classroom.
harassment, or sexual misconduct.
Basic to the achievement of these purposes is freedom of expression and communication.
December 21, 2012
Many of America’s colleges appear to need to take a few courses in free speech. More than 60 percent of the 400-plus colleges and universities studied by the Foundation for Individual Rights in Education have policies that restrict students’ First Amendment rights. In a report released this week, FIRE also raised concern over federal and state regulations governing bullying and harassment that the report labeled sloppily written and implemented. To be fair, FIRE acknowledged that the number of schools with “red light” free-speech codes has declined for the fifth straight year. And more schools eliminated their restrictive speech policies in 2012, earning FIRE’s “green light” […]» Read More
January 27, 2011
A recent article in The State Hornet, at California State University – Sacramento (Sac State), notes the university’s poor rating—and the generally poor ratings of its California peers–in FIRE’s 2011 Spotlight on Speech Codes report. As The State Hornet points out in its front-page article, “Sac State received the red-light ranking along with Chico State, UC Santa Cruz and UC Davis, while other California universities such as UC Santa Barbara and UC Berkeley received a yellow light.” The paper also points out that “64 percent of the 33 California university campuses received a red light,” the lowest of the three ratings in FIRE’s Spotlight […]» Read More