Location: Sacramento, California
Federal Circuit: 9th Circuit
California State University – Sacramento has been given the speech code rating Red. A red light university has at least one policy that both clearly and substantially restricts freedom of speech. Read more here.
Red Light Policies
Speech Code Category: Harassment Policies, StatementHARASSMENT CAN BE:
* Verbal, non-verbal, or physical
* Exclusion based upon personal or group differences
* Intimidation or humiliation based on personal or group differences
* Abusive language, threats of any kind -- real, false, implied,or perceived -- against a person or property or similar acts of bigotry, racism, sexism or discrimination
* Jokes, comments, gossip or graffiti that perpetuate personal or group myths, fallacies, prejudices or stereotypes
* Any subtle or direct references, based on race, sex, age, disability, sexual orientation, national origin or religion, which demean,
exclude, intimidate or adversely affect an individual or group
* Unsolicited e-mail or telephone calls containing abusive language or threats that causes discomfort, derogatory, or sexual in nature
* Unsolicited, deliberate or repeated sexually derogatory statements, gestures or physical contact that are objectionable to the recipient and that cause discomfort or humiliation
* Pressure from a person of either sex against a person of the opposite or same sex
* Unwelcome sexual behavior or words including demands for sexual favors accompanied by implied or overt threats concerning an individual’s educational or employment status
* Conduct that is criminal in nature such as rape, sexual assault,
stalking and similar offenses
Speech Code Category: Bullying Policies, StatementEngaging in any form of harassment over the Internet is
commonly referred to as cyber bullying. cyber bullying
includes, but is not limited to the following misuses of
technology: harassing, teasing, intimidating, or threatening
another person by sending or posting inappropriate and
hurtful email messages, instant messages, text messages,
digital pictures or images or Website postings, including blogs
and social network systems.
Speech Code Category: Harassment Policies, StatementAn individual's conduct constitutes sexual harassment when it is sexual in nature and unwanted by the person toward whom it is directed.
Speech Code Category: Policies on Tolerance, Respect, and Civility, StatementSacramento State is a community of individuals from diverse
backgrounds. In this community setting, harassment, bigotry
and denigration of individuals is not acceptable
Speech Code Category: Policies on Tolerance, Respect, and Civility, StatementStudents are expected to be good citizens and to engage in responsible behaviors that reflect well upon their university, to be civil to one another and to others in the campus community, and contribute positively to student and university life.
University Policy Manual: Amended Rules Regulating the Time, Place and Manner of Individual Expression and Conduct on Campus 13-14
Speech Code Category: Protest and Demonstration Policies, StatementDisruptive and/or unauthorized activities on campus include, but are not limited to, the following: ... Use of space by a group which advocates unlawful discrimination on the basis of race, ethnicity, religion, national origin, gender, sexual orientation, marital status, pregnancy, age, disability or veteran status.
Executive Order 1072: Implementation of Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 and Related Sexual Harassment/Violence Legislation for CSU Students 13-14
Speech Code Category: Harassment Policies, Statement"Sexual Harassment" is unwelcome conduct of a sexual nature that includes, but is not limited to: sexual violence; sexual advances; requests for sexual favors; indecent exposure; and other verbal, nonverbal or physical unwelcome conduct of a sexual nature, where such conduct is sufficiently severe, persistent or pervasive that its effect, whether or not intended, could be considered by a reasonable person in the shoes of the individual, and is in fact considered by the individual, as limiting the individual's ability to participate in or benefit from the services, activities or opportunities offered by the university. Sexual harassment also includes gender-based harassment, which may include acts of verbal, non-verbal or physical aggression, intimidation or hostility based on sex or sex-stereotyping, even if those acts do not involve conduct of a sexual nature.
Speech Code Category: Policies on Tolerance, Respect, and Civility, StatementStudents have the right to assume and expect:
That race, ethnicity, national origin, gender, sexual orientation, marital status, pregnancy, age, disability or veteran status shall not be used in a derogatory manner in the classroom.
Speech Code Category: Internet Usage Policies, StatementUse of computing facilities and resources to send obscene, intimidating, or abusive
Executive Order 1074: Systemwide Policy Prohibiting Discrimination, Harassment and Retaliation Against Students 13-14
Speech Code Category: Harassment Policies, StatementHarassment means unwelcome conduct engaged in because of a Protected Status that is sufficiently severe, persistent or pervasive that its effect, whether or not intended, could be considered by a reasonable person in the shoes of the Student, and is in fact considered by the Student, as limiting the Student's ability to participate in or benefit from the services, activities or opportunities offered by the University.
Speech Code Category: Harassment Policies, StatementConduct that threatens or endangers the health or safety of any person within or related to the University community, including physical abuse, threats, intimidation,
harassment, or sexual misconduct.
Speech Code Category: Advertised Commitments to Free Expression, StatementThis University exists to provide an opportunity for education to enable students to live a more perceptive and fulfilling life. Its aim is to inspire them in creative and critical thinking and to encourage them to contribute their ideas for the improvement of the society in which they live.
Basic to the achievement of these purposes is freedom of expression and communication.
December 21, 2012
The Watchdog Blog Many of America’s colleges appear to need to take a few courses in free speech. More than 60 percent of the 400-plus colleges and universities studied by the Foundation for Individual Rights in Education have policies that restrict students’ First Amendment rights. In a report released this week, FIRE also raised concern over federal and state regulations governing bullying and harassment that the report labeled sloppily written and implemented. To be fair, FIRE acknowledged that the number of schools with “red light” free-speech codes has declined for the fifth straight year. And more schools eliminated their restrictive speech policies in 2012, earning […]» Read More
January 27, 2011
A recent article in The State Hornet, at California State University – Sacramento (Sac State), notes the university’s poor rating—and the generally poor ratings of its California peers–in FIRE’s 2011 Spotlight on Speech Codes report. As The State Hornet points out in its front-page article, “Sac State received the red-light ranking along with Chico State, UC Santa Cruz and UC Davis, while other California universities such as UC Santa Barbara and UC Berkeley received a yellow light.” The paper also points out that “64 percent of the 33 California university campuses received a red light,” the lowest of the three ratings in FIRE’s Spotlight […]» Read More