Location: Lancaster, Pennsylvania
Federal Circuit: 3rd Circuit
Franklin & Marshall College has been given the speech code rating Red. A red light university has at least one policy that both clearly and substantially restricts freedom of speech. Read more here.
Red Light Policies
Prohibited behaviors, when severe or pervasive and which have the effect of discriminating against
and/or intimidating a College employee or student, can include: ... Verbal Harassment or Abuse-- comments, questioning, innuendos, or jokes of a lewd or sexual nature; derogatory comments referencing gender or sex; unwelcome sexual advances, propositions,
requests or demands for sexual favors, threats; Visual Harassment or Abuse-- displaying, posting, advertising, or distributing offensive, indecent, or
abusive material of a sexual nature; leering or making obscene gestures; ... displaying offensive objects or "knick-knacks" of a sexual nature; ... telling "off color" jokes or making derogatory comments about gender or sexual orientation ....
to commit crimes against persons or their property and other conduct intended
to cause inconvenience, annoyance, or alarm. Conduct likely to constitute
harassment and/or intimidation includes but is not limited to exhibiting,
distributing, posting, or advertising publicly offensive, indecent, or abusive
matter concerning any person or group of persons in the College community;
employing racial, sexual, ethnic, sexual orientation, religious, or personal
slurs or epithets ....
will be removed, as will all messages, regardless of content, that appear
in prohibited locations or that fail to comply with other relevant restrictions.
discuss all questions of interest to them and to express opinions publicly and
May 16, 2011
We have been writing a lot lately about due process in campus sexual assault cases ever since the Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights (OCR) issued guidance last month instructing universities that, in order to comply with federal civil rights laws, university judiciaries must apply a “preponderance of the evidence” standard (roughly 51% proof) when resolving cases of sexual misconduct on campus. As Erica wrote on The Torch last month, making a point discussed in more detail in FIRE’s May 5th response to OCR: The preponderance of the evidence standard, which would allow universities to punish students for offenses […]» Read More