Location: Lincoln University, Pennsylvania
Federal Circuit: 3rd Circuit
Lincoln University has been given the speech code rating Red. A red light university has at least one policy that both clearly and substantially restricts freedom of speech. Read more here.
September 19, 2005
The Pennsylvania House of Representatives brought together a committee to examine allegations that Pennsylvania’s public universities were plagued by liberal ideology and indoctrination. David A. French, at the time president of FIRE, served as a legal adviser to the panel. FIRE released FIRE Report on the First Amendment Responsibilities of Pennsylvania State-Funded Colleges and Universities, explaining that Pennsylvania universities are bound to follow the strictures of the U.S. and Pennsylvania Constitutions, notably to respect the expressive rights of students and faculty members, to protect religious liberty on campus, and to protect freedom of conscience on campus.» Read More
Red Light Policies
Speech Code Category: Internet Usage Policies
Social media is the interaction among people where they create, share, and exchange information and ideas in virtual communities and networks (Tweeter, facebook, instagram, pinter, snap, etc.). Social media comes with negative consequences (i.e. cyber- bullying, sexual harassment and decrease face to face interaction). Social media impacts the academic and social environment with negative outcomes, with some long term consequences. This violation includes: cyber-bullying or ANY negative use of social media that is not conducive of being a Lincoln University student.
Speech Code Category: Harassment Policies
Regardless of sexual gender, personal affiliation, and/or affiliation with the University, sexual harassment is defined as unwelcome and unsolicited sexual advances, request for sexual favors or other verbal, visual or physical conduct or communication with sexual overtones that the victim deems offensive. Sexual harassment includes, but is not limited to, unsolicited, deliberate, or repeated sexual flirtations, advances or propositions; verbal abuse of a sexual nature; display of sexually suggestive pictures or objects; and/or offensive or abusive physical contact of a sexual nature is strictly prohibited.
Speech Code Category: Harassment Policies
Actions, words, jokes, or comments based on an individual’s sex, race, color, national origin, age, religion, disability, or any other legally protected characteristic will not be tolerated.
All employees, supervisors and non-supervisory personnel and guests, including students, vendors, contractors or visitors, are strictly prohibited from engaging in inappropriate or offensive touching of any person, offensive sexual flirtations, advances or propositions, verbal abuse of a sexual nature, verbal comments about an individual’s body, sexually degrading words used to describe an individual, displaying sexually suggestive objects or pictures in the workplace, or any other conduct that creates a sexually hostile environment. The University shall take all necessary and appropriate actions to end any such harassment.
Sexual harassment is defined as unwanted sexual advances, or visual, verbal, or physical conduct of a sexual nature. This definition includes many forms of offensive behavior and includes gender-based harassment of a person of the same sex as the harasser. The following is a partial list of harassment examples: …
- Visual conduct that includes leering, making sexual gestures, or displaying of sexually suggestive objects or pictures, cartoons, or posters.
- Verbal conduct that includes making or using derogatory comments, epithets, slurs, or jokes.
Speech Code Category: Policies on Tolerance, Respect, and Civility
This violation includes using lewd or vulgar language and gestures, profanity, and any other language or behavior that is not conducive of being a Lincoln University student.
Speech Code Category: Advertised Commitments to Free Expression
Freedom of speech and expression is highly valued by the University.
January 5, 2006
Have you ever known a legislator who didn’t think his job was terribly important?Imagine the campaign slogan: “Elect me, because who really cares?” Or the direct-mail letters: “It’d be nice if you sent me a donation — but it doesn’t really matter.” The very concept is ridiculous. But apparently someone forgot to tell that to state Rep. Dan Surra, D-Elk. Surra has been quoted in the news media as calling a committee on which he himself serves a “colossal waste of time.” This “colossal waste” is the bipartisan Select Committee on Student Academic Freedom, established last year via House Resolution […]» Read More
November 1, 2005
FIRE announces its Speech Code of the Month for November 2005: Lincoln University. Lincoln, a public university in Pennsylvania, defines sexual harassment as “unwelcome and unsolicited sexual advances, request for sexual favors or other verbal, visual or physical conduct or communication with sexual overtones that the victim deems offensive” (emphasis added). This policy shamelessly violates clearly established Supreme Court precedent regarding harassment. Remember that, as a public institution, Lincoln is bound by the Constitution, and Supreme Court decisions are authoritative interpretations of what the Constitution means. And the Supreme Court has held that for conduct to constitute constitutionally unprotected harassment, […]» Read More