University of Iowa

Location: Iowa City, Iowa
Type: Public
Federal Circuit: 8th Circuit

Speech Code Rating

University of Iowa has been given the speech code rating Red. A red light university has at least one policy that both clearly and substantially restricts freedom of speech. Read more here.

Red Light Policies

  • Sexual Harassment Examples 13-14

    Speech Code Category: Harassment Policies

    Red Flags / Harassing Behavior … A professor makes sexual jokes, stares at you, touches you, insinuates that you will get a better grade or other reward if you develop a “special relationship” or otherwise makes you uncomfortable. … Anyone who makes unwanted and repeated statements about your clothes, body or personal life … Somebody puts up sexually graphic posters, magazines, screensavers, web pages, and/or emails where you can see them. … Someone you met puts pressure on you for sex (included repeated requests, staring, or other persistent behavior). … The University of Iowa forbids these types of behaviors and has a sexual harassment policy and related policies.

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Yellow Light Policies
  • Policies & Regulations Affecting Students: Sexual Misconduct Involving Students, Including Sexual Assault and Sexual Harassment 13-14

    Speech Code Category: Harassment Policies

    Sexual harassment is a form of discrimination that includes verbal, written, or physical behavior of a sexual nature, directed at someone, or against a particular group, because of that person’s or group’s sex, or based on gender stereotypes, when that behavior is unwelcome and meets either of the following criteria:

    (2) The behavior has the purpose or effect of substantially interfering with the student’s work or educational performance by creating an intimidating, hostile, or demeaning environment for employment, education, on-campus living, or participation in a University activity. Examples of this type of sexual harassment can include: (a) persistent unwelcomed efforts to develop a romantic or sexual relationship; (b) unwelcome commentary about an individual’s body or sexual activities; (c) unwanted sexual attention; (d) repeated and unwelcome sexually-oriented teasing, joking, or flirting; (e) verbal abuse of a sexual nature.

    Comments or communications could be verbal, written, or electronic. Behavior does not need to be directed at or to a specific student, but rather may be generalized unwelcomed and unnecessary comments based on sex or gender stereotypes.

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  • Policies & Regulations Affecting Students: Use of Campus Outdoor Areas 13-14

    Speech Code Category: Protest and Demonstration Policies

    The University of Iowa permits eligible groups to sponsor events on the Pentacrest as long as those events are conducted under reasonable time, place, and manner restrictions promulgated by University departments.

    The use of Kautz Plaza as a public forum for speech, assembly, and petition is encouraged by the University.

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  • Policies & Regulations Affecting Students: University Policy on Sexual Harassment 13-14

    Speech Code Category: Harassment Policies

    The University will not tolerate sexual harassment, nor will it tolerate unwelcomed behavior of a sexual nature toward members of the University community when that behavior creates an intimidating or hostile environment for employment, education, on-campus living, or participation in a University activity.

    For purposes of this policy, “sexual harassment” means persistent, repetitive, or egregious conduct directed at a specific individual or group of individuals that a reasonable person would interpret, in the full context in which the conduct occurs, as harassment of a sexual nature, when: … Such conduct has the purpose or effect of unreasonably interfering with work or educational performance, or of creating an intimidating or hostile environment for employment, education, on-campus living, or participation in a University activity.

    Behavior that may constitute, or be evidence of, prohibited sexual harassment includes, but is not limited to, the following: … A pattern of unwelcomed sexually explicit gestures, statements, questions, jokes, or anecdotes, whether made physically, orally, in writing, or through electronic media….

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  • Policies & Regulations Affecting Students: University Policy on Anti-Harassment 13-14

    Speech Code Category: Harassment Policies

    “Harassment” means intentional conduct directed toward an identifiable person or persons that is sufficiently severe, pervasive, or persistent that it interferes with work, educational performance, on-campus living, or participation in a University activity on- or off-campus.

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  • What is Sexual Harassment? 13-14

    Speech Code Category: Harassment Policies

    Sexual harassment can occur whenever somebody says or does something sexually related that you don’t want them to say or do, regardless of who it is. Whether such unwelcome sexual behavior is sexual harassment depends on the circumstances in which the behavior occurs. For example:

    When someone

    * Talks about their sexual experiences.
    * Asks you to talk about yours.
    * Tells sexual jokes, innuendoes, and stories, or comments (about your clothes or body, or someone else’s).

    Such behavior can constitute sexual harassment if it interferes with your work or educational performance, or creates an intimidating or hostile environment for your employment, education, on-campus living, or participation in a University activity.

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Green Light Policies
  • Code of Student Life 13-14

    Speech Code Category: Harassment Policies

    Intentional conduct directed toward an identifiable person or persons without legitimate purpose which intimidates, annoys, or alarms the person and which significantly disrupts the person’s work, educational performance, on-campus living, or participation in a University activity on or off campus. Repeatedly contacting a person who has previously indicated he or she does not wish to be contacted may be considered undue harassment.

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  • Policies & Regulations Affecting Students: Student Bill of Rights 13-14

    Speech Code Category: Advertised Commitments to Free Expression

    [E]numeration of the rights or registration at the University shall in no manner be construed to nullify or limit any other constitutional or legal rights or freedoms possessed by students as citizens or residents of the United States or the State of Iowa.

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  • UI President Clarifying Policies

    December 18, 2014

    By CBS2/FOX28 at CBS2 IOWA CITY, IA (CBS2/FOX28) – University of Iowa President Sally Mason says she’s going to spend her winter break clarifying the school’s policies on public space used for public expression. This comes after a controversial statue of a Klansman was put up on the Pentacrest without school approval. On Wednesday the Foundation of Individual Rights in Education and the National Coalition Against Censorship called on the school to “affirm the first amendment rights of the artist.” On Thursday Mason sent a letter to students and staff and said she will look over the rules for putting […]

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  • Mason Seeks Balance Between Inclusiveness, Free Speech

    December 18, 2014

    By Jeff Charis-Carlson at Iowa City Press-Citizen In her end-of-the-semester message, University of Iowa President Sally Mason announced Thursday that, before the next semester begins, UI administrators will take two key steps to ensure a healthier balance on campus between the “intertwined values of inclusiveness and freedom of expression.” Administrators will clarify the procedures that surround the use of public space for public expressions — including the prompt removal of unauthorized displays on campus. And they will review the university’s orientation procedures to identify ways to ensure all students, faculty and staff are aware of the relevant policies. Mason’s message […]

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  • University of Iowa President Mason Vows To Foster Environment ‘Open To All Points of View’

    December 18, 2014

    By Vanessa Miller at The Gazette After receiving widespread criticism for its handling of a Ku Klux Klan-likened sculpture that an artist installed on campus without permission earlier this month, the University of Iowa on Thursday reaffirmed its commitment to free speech and also promised changes. In an “end of semester message,” UI President Sally Mason said her administration after winter break will take steps to clarify procedures around use of public space for public expressions on campus. And, she said, administrators will review orientation procedures for new and visiting community members — like the faculty member behind the statue […]

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  • Free Speech Groups Decry University of Iowa’s Response To Art

    December 17, 2014

    By The Associated Press at IOWA CITY, Iowa (AP) — Two free speech groups are criticizing the University of Iowa’s response to a visiting professor’s art display that angered some students. The Foundation for Individual Rights in Education and the National Coalition Against Censorship called on the school Wednesday to affirm the First Amendment rights of the artist, Serhat Tanyolacar. Tanyolacar displayed a 7-foot-tall piece depicting a Ku Klux Klan robe and hood emblazoned with newspaper clippings of racial violence in the United States. He said he wanted to raise awareness about racism. But some students were disturbed by […]

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  • UI Missed ‘Teachable Moment’ In Response To Art, Some Say

    December 17, 2014

    By Jeff Charis-Carlson at The Iowa City Press-Citizen Several members of the University of Iowa community say the university administration missed a “teachable moment” in its initial responses to the display of a Ku Klux Klan effigy on the Pentracrest earlier this month. They are still waiting to see, however, whether UI’s long-term response will find a balance between respecting freedom of speech and ensuring the safety and security of its students. When UI law professor Lois Cox first read the notification from UI administrators Dec. 5, she said she, like many other colleagues, assumed that a racist piece of […]

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  • It’s Wrong To Try To Protect Students From Being Offended

    December 13, 2014

    By Samantha Harris at The Des Moines Register When artist and University of Iowa visiting professor Serhat Tanyolacar created a statue of a Ku Klux Klansman out of press clippings about the United States’ history of racism, his intent was to provoke dialogue. Instead, when he displayed that statue on UI’s campus last week, the display led to complaints from students who found it “traumatic” and to an apology — and an offer of counseling to affected students — from UI President Sally Mason. More and more, we are pathologizing normal feelings of outrage and offense on college campuses. We […]

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  • University of Iowa Pulls Anti-Racism Display for Being ‘Deeply Offensive'; Head of Journalism School Cheers

    December 10, 2014

    By Elizabeth Nolan Brown at Reason Online A Klu Klux Klan figure on display at the University of Iowa (UI) has sparked some hot debate over free speech, as they do. Growing up in Cincinnati, the KKK Christmas cross downtown was an annual source of brouhaha. But Cincy’s KKK display diverges in one major way from the 7-foot sculpted klansman that showed up on a main area of the UI campus December 5: the latter figure was intended as a statement againstracism. Created by Serhat Tanyolacar, a UI visiting professor and printmaking fellow, the klansman sculpture was decoupaged in newspaper coverage of racial […]

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  • Campus Removes Anti-Racism Art Because It’s ‘Offensive,’ Journalism Dept Head Agrees

    December 10, 2014

    By Editorial Staff at Red Alert Politics The University of Iowa banned an explicitly anti-racism art display on campus because it was too “offensive.” And, in what may be the even more horrifying part of this story, the UI journalism department head lauded that decision, and appeared to wish it would’ve gone further. The display featured the figure of a KKK member fashioned out of old newspapers articles on incidents of racism, dating from 1908-2010. It was intended to call attention to both historical and recent instances of racism, but “many interpreted it as threatening hate speech,” the Daily Iowan reported. UI […]

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  • Judge Will Consider ISU’s Motion To Dismiss Marijuana T-Shirts Lawsuit

    November 12, 2014

    By Melissa Erickson at Ames Tribune Iowa State University’s trademarks are the school’s property, and their use suggests ISU endorses a particular message, the university is arguing in their attempt to have a lawsuit filed by a marijuana advocacy student group dismissed. Arguments on the university’s motion to dismiss the lawsuit filed by members of the ISU chapter of the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Law, or NORML, will be heard next week before the chief justice of the District Court for the Southern District of Iowa. ISU students Paul Gerlich and Erin Furleigh, the current president and […]

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  • Campus Protest Shows Pressure for Action on Rape

    March 12, 2014

    by the Associated Press at The New York Times IOWA CITY, Iowa — As much as any college administrator could be, University of Iowa President Sally Mason was prepared for the growing nationwide pressure to curb campus sexual assaults. An experienced leader with a calm but determined approach, Mason had taken steps that made the 30,000-student university a model on the issue. Following a high-profile assault involving football players in 2007, Mason hired an administrator to coordinate help for victims and mandated prevention training for employees. And she had personal experience, having to fight off an assailant while an undergraduate in […]

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  • Report: UI, ISU and UNI on “red light” speech code list

    December 18, 2012

    A new report lists the University of Iowa, Iowa State University and the University of Northern Iowa among schools that earn the lowest rating regarding free speech on campus. The UI, ISU and UNI were among the schools on the “red light” list from the 2013 report on campus speech codes by the Foundation for Individual Rights in Education.  Grinnell College was on the “yellow light” list in the report. More than three-fifths — 62.1 percent — of the 409 schools surveyed have speech codes that “clearly fail to meet First Amendment standards,” according to the foundation. Those schools were […]

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  • Unlearning Liberty

    October 23, 2012

    Author’s Note: On Wednesday, October 24th, I will be debating liberal Rick Perlstein and libertarian Jim Harper at NC State University in Raleigh. The event, which is free and open to the public, will begin at 6 pm in Dabney Hall. Despite their feigned interest in tolerance, college campuses are among the most punitive and stifling environments in the country. Students are routinely punished for “offenses” ranging from penning mild satire to holding the wrong opinions on important social and political issues. One book, Unlearning Liberty, by Greg Lukianoff, documents these abuses better than any other that has been written since I joined the […]

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  • Law prof denied job because of pro-life, pro-family activism: lawsuit

    October 15, 2012

    DAVENPORT, Iowa, October 15, 2012, ( —  Being pro-life and supporting traditional marriage could cost you a tenured position at a public law school, according to a lawsuit filed in Iowa. Wagner graduated from the University of Iowa Law School in 1993 and has since returned to Iowa City to teach part-time at her alma mater. She has also taught at George Mason University and Notre Dame.Teresa Wagner has sued the University of Iowa, saying the law school has denied her two positions over the last five years because of her work in the National Right to Life Committee and the Family Research […]

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  • UI free speech policy disappoints

    January 12, 2005

    Certainly our freedom of speech is one of the most cherished and fundamental rights in this country. Unfortunately, the United States falls far short of the ideal put forth in the old saying, “I disapprove of what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it.” Far too many people are now more than willing to suppress the speech of others simply because they find it offensive. Perhaps the most frightening aspect of this move towards oppression is that our nation’s universities are leading the way. At the University of Oklahoma, a disgraceful group of […]

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  • FIRE Announces 10 Worst Colleges for Free Speech in 2014

    March 2, 2015

    PHILADELPHIA, March 2, 2015—More than half of America’s top colleges maintain speech codes that blatantly violate First Amendment standards. But every year the Foundation for Individual Rights in Education (FIRE) takes a closer look at the previous year’s incidents of college censorship to determine the nation’s 10 worst abusers of student and faculty free speech rights. This year’s list of the 10 worst colleges for free speech—published with detailed descriptions at The Huffington Post—includes many public colleges or universities bound by the First Amendment. Some of them, on the other hand, are private colleges that, though not required by the […]

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  • Impact Trumps Intent, and Other Discouraging Statements on Free Speech at U. of Iowa

    February 9, 2015

    The more that comes to light about the University of Iowa’s (UI’s) handling of a recent controversy in which it censored and denounced an anti-racist statue in the shape of a Ku Klux Klan cloak, the less reason I have to be confident that the university has any grasp on its obligation to uphold the First Amendment. Recently, I wrote about The Gazette’s (Cedar Rapids, Iowa) revelations that UI President Sally Mason solicited input from students on an all-campus email statement apologizing for the art’s perceived offensiveness. While soliciting student input on presidential statements isn’t an inherently objectionable idea, I […]

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  • University of Iowa Asks Students How Best to Show Its Disregard for First Amendment

    January 30, 2015

    We haven’t revisited the deplorable censorship case of art professor Serhat Tanyolacar at the University of Iowa (UI) for some time now. It has not slipped FIRE’s mind, however, that UI has yet to demonstrate any awareness of the First Amendment principles it trampled on by censoring and publicly denouncing Tanyolacar’s work. FIRE and the National Coalition Against Censorship (NCAC) have harshly rebuked UI for its handling of the case, in both a joint letter and joint press release. And though I didn’t think my opinion of UI’s management of this case could get any lower, it turns out I […]

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  • Greg Reviews ‘The Upside of Your Dark Side’ in ‘The Huffington Post’

    January 28, 2015

    As FIRE President Greg Lukianoff writes in The Huffington Post today, last year was full of thought-provoking popular non-fiction, with one book standing out to him: The Upside of Your Dark Side: Why Being Your Whole Self—Not Just Your “Good” Self—Drives Success and Fulfillment by psychologists Todd Kashdan and Robert Biswas-Diener. The book focuses on Americans’ “comfort addiction” and the negative effects of always being comfortable. As Greg notes, people’s desire to be exposed only to what is comfortable is behind many recent FIRE cases and related issues. For example, trigger warnings became a hot issue on college campuses in […]

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  • Brandeis President Acknowledges But Fails to Uphold First Amendment Principles

    January 6, 2015

    Brandeis University President Fred Lawrence has just entered the “University President First Amendment Piety Contest,” and his submission is impressive. First, the background: Last week, Sohrab Ahmari reported in The Wall Street Journal that Brandeis student Daniel Mael had faced a disciplinary hearing based on heated discussions he had with another student on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. According to the WSJ, Mael was summoned to Dean of Students Jamele Adams’s office last October to face charges of “harassment,” “religious discrimination,” and “bullying” based on exchanges that took place a year earlier. According to Mael, he was not allowed to keep a […]

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  • Victorian Era’s Justifications for Censorship Make a Comeback

    December 31, 2014

    FIRE President Greg Lukianoff has often lamented that too many students on today’s college campuses have adopted “the thinking of old Victorian censors.” Yesterday, Reason’s Elizabeth Nolan Brown highlighted four neo-Victorian trends from the past year, and they are sure to resonate with free speech and due process advocates. Brown begins with a discussion of art censorship, and sadly, there are too many examples of this to list either in her article or here. Earlier this month FIRE wrote to the University of Iowa urging it to clarify to the campus community that visiting professor Serhat Tanyolacar’s work—which was shaped […]

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  • Strike Two for University of Iowa President Sally Mason

    December 19, 2014

    Two weeks ago, the University of Iowa (UI) forced artist-in-residence Serhat Tanyolacar to take down his statue of a Ku Klux Klan robe and hood made up of newspaper articles chronicling acts of racial violence. Although the artist intended the piece as anti-racist social commentary, some students found it threatening and called for its removal. UI added insult to injury when it apologized to those who were offended without acknowledging Tanyolacar’s First Amendment rights. Since then, FIRE and the National Coalition Against Censorship have explained to UI in a letter and subsequent press release how the university’s reaction betrays UI’s […]

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  • FIRE, NCAC Call on University of Iowa to Defend Rights of Censored Faculty Artist

    December 17, 2014

    DES MOINES, Iowa, December 17, 2014—In a letter sent last Friday, the Foundation for Individual Rights in Education (FIRE) and the National Coalition Against Censorship (NCAC) joined in criticizing the University of Iowa’s (UI’s) chilling censorship of faculty artist Serhat Tanyolacar. UI forced Tanyolacar to remove his artwork from an outdoor campus area after some students claimed they were disturbed by its imagery, consisting of newspaper clippings reporting on racial violence printed onto a Ku Klux Klan robe and hood. UI also publicly denounced the artwork, ignoring its anti-racist intent and its success in facilitating dialogue on race relations among its […]

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  • U. of Iowa Censors, Apologizes for Art About Racism

    December 9, 2014

    University of Iowa (UI) students, faculty, and administrators are speaking out in support of the censorship of a statue created and displayed on campus by visiting professor Serhat Tanyolacar that they say constitutes “hate speech.” Tanyolacar’s piece comprised a seven foot tall sculpture of a Ku Klux Klan member whose robes are crafted from newspaper articles about racial violence. Many members of the UI community, however, ignored the intended anti-racist message of the piece and instead demanded that the university take action against what they perceive as a racist display—and the university is complying. Tanyolacar erected the statue last week […]

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  • New Trial Ordered for U. of Iowa Law Prof Alleging Political Discrimination

    July 17, 2014

    The United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit ruled Tuesday (PDF) that there will be a new trial in the case of Teresa Wagner, who alleges that the University of Iowa College of Law denied her a legal writing instructor position because of her conservative political beliefs and activism.

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  • University of Iowa President Under Fire for Expressing Candid Opinion

    March 5, 2014

    University of Iowa President Sally Mason is currently at the center of a controversy because she dared to say something that goes against the prevailing campus orthodoxy.

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  • Eighth Circuit to Hear Oral Arguments in Teresa Wagner’s Political Bias Case

    February 14, 2014

    Yesterday, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit was set to hear oral arguments in a long-running case involving Teresa Wagner, a candidate for legal writing instructor at the University of Iowa College of Law who alleges that she was denied the employment opportunity due to her political beliefs. In a case that we have written about several times, Wagner is before the Eighth Circuit seeking a new trial on her allegations that the law school’s decision not to hire her violated her First Amendment right to free speech as well as her Fourteenth Amendment right to equal […]

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  • Jurors: Law School Discriminated Against Teresa Wagner Due to Her Political Beliefs

    November 27, 2012

    Last week, The Des Moines Register reported that jurors in the Teresa Wagner case believe that the University of Iowa College of Law “illegally denied a promotion to a conservative Republican because of her politics.” The story has been picked up by various legal blogs. At FIRE, we have covered the Wagner case before.  The most interesting result of the jury verdict last week is that the jury was convinced Wagner was discriminated against due to her political beliefs but believed it was the University of Iowa College of Law itself, and not the dean, that was responsible for the […]

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  • ‘New York Times’ Covers Teresa Wagner Case

    January 10, 2012

    Adam Liptak, the Supreme Court correspondent for The New York Times, reports on Teresa Wagner’s recent victory at the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit, which I analyzed in a recent blog entry here on The Torch. An outspoken conservative, Wagner is suing the University of Iowa School of Law, alleging that it violated her First Amendment rights of political belief and association by denying her a position due to her political views. Liptak does some interesting legwork, his piece concluding with this zinger from Walter Olson at the Cato Institute: [T]here’s a karma factor here. Law […]

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  • Eighth Circuit: Administrators May Be Personally Liable for Political Discrimination in Faculty Hiring

    December 30, 2011

    On Wednesday, the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit issued a decision in Wagner v. Jones, No. 10-2588, 2011 U.S. App. LEXIS 25879 (8th Cir. Dec. 28, 2011). The opinion is an interesting read, even for non-lawyers. The suit at issue was brought by Teresa Wagner, currently the Associate Director of the Writing Resource Center at the University of Iowa School of Law. Prior to this position, Wagner’s applications for the position of Legal Analysis, Writing, and Research (LAWR) instructor were repeatedly rejected. Wagner subsequently filed suit in federal court against the dean of the law school, […]

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  • (Lack of) Free Speech on Iowa’s Public Campuses

    May 11, 2011

    Deborah D. Thornton of the Iowa City Press-Citizen (Iowa City, Iowa) sheds light (reprinted in The Modern Whig Party) on the rigid speech restrictions imposed on students at Iowa’s three Regent schools: the University of Iowa (UI), Iowa State University (ISU), and the University of Northern Iowa (UNI). Thornton exposes many of the red-light and yellow-light policies in force at these schools, including the unconstitutional “free speech zones” at ISU and UI, while noting the recent efforts of ISU students to eliminate these restrictive speech policies. Adam is also quoted in the article, discussing the importance of fighting disfavored speech with more speech […]

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  • Iowa Professor’s Email Telling College Republicans ‘F@#$ YOU’ Reveals Importance of Free Exchange on Campus

    April 22, 2011

    The recent, highly publicized email exchange between Ellen Lewin, anthropology and women’s studies professor at the University of Iowa (UI), and the UI College Republicans presents an exciting scenario to the First Amendment enthusiast. This email exchange reveals both the innate desire to communicate anger using inflamed rhetoric, and the opposing reflex of those offended to overreact. The emails also demonstrate the importance of allowing speech to be aired freely. Free exchanges readily expose expression that is extreme, ignorant, or unprofessional. This saga began when the College Republicans sent out a mass email, approved by the UI administration, inviting students to join […]

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  • Speech Code of the Month: University of Iowa

    August 2, 2007

    FIRE announces its Speech Code of the Month for August 2007: the University of Iowa. Ah, how the mighty have fallen—as we mentioned just a few days ago, the University of Iowa once received FIRE’s most favorable “green light” rating. But now it has come to our attention that in addition to its official sexual harassment policy, the university also maintains a website——that defines sexual harassment in a way that violates its students’ First Amendment rights. According to the website, sexual harassment “occurs when somebody says or does something sexually related that you don’t want them to say or do, […]

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  • From Green to Red: A Cautionary Tale

    July 31, 2007

    I’m sad to report that one of our very few “green light” institutions (colleges and universities receive a “green light” rating on FIRE’s Spotlight if they maintain no written policies that infringe on constitutionally protected expression) was downgraded to a “red light” yesterday when I updated its policies for the 2006-2007 academic year. The University of Iowa was one of only a handful of schools to be rated a “green light.” It earned this rating because its policies were consistent with the First Amendment. Its sexual harassment policy, for example, provides that: For purposes of this policy, “sexual harassment” means […]

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