Location: Tulsa, Oklahoma
Federal Circuit: 10th Circuit
University of Tulsa has been given the speech code rating Red. A red light university has at least one policy that both clearly and substantially restricts freedom of speech. Read more here.
Red Light Policies
Speech Code Category: Harassment Policies
Any form of inappropriate conduct that constitutes Prohibited Harassment (see following definition) of or by any participants in the Campus Community is prohibited by this policy.
Verbal Prohibited Harassment may occur in person, by telephone or other audio means. Physical Prohibited Harassment may be conduct such as assault, impeding or blocking movement or any physical interference with normal activities or movement. Visual forms of Prohibited Harassment may include notes, email, blogging or other electronic means, derogatory posters, cartoons, graffiti or drawings.
Prohibited Harassment related to an individual’s reputation may include any form of inappropriate conduct which is defamatory, demeaning, intimidating, threatening, or otherwise places an individual in fear of harm to his or her person or reputation on or off campus.
Sexual harassment is defined by law and also constitutes Prohibited Harassment; generally under the law, it includes any unwanted or unsolicited sexual gesture, physical contact, or statement which, when viewed from the perspective of a reasonable person similarly situated, is offensive, threatening, humiliating, or interferes with a person’s ability to perform his or her job, educational pursuit, or participation in campus life.
In assessing whether a particular act or acts constitute Prohibited Harassment under this policy, the standard shall be the perspective of a reasonable person similarly situated.
Prohibited Harassment includes any conduct or behavior of an inappropriate nature where: … Such conduct has the purpose or effect of unreasonably interfering with an individual’s academic or work performance or of creating an intimidating, hostile or offensive working, educational or campus living environment;
Some examples of Prohibited Harassment include, but are not limited to: … c. verbal or written comments or statements that are intimidating, threatening, demeaning, humiliating, sexually suggestive, insulting, vulgar, or lewd; … the inappropriate use or display of materials such as posters, photos, cartoons or graffiti that are demeaning or offensive; inappropriate comments, communicated by any means, that demean, intimidate, threaten or harm an individual’s reputation….
University Student Conduct Policies & Procedures: Student Code of Conduct- General Standard of Conduct 14-15
Speech Code Category: Policies on Tolerance, Respect, and Civility
Examples of violations of the General Standard of Conduct may include, but are not limited to, the following: … The use of threatening or obscene language toward another.
Speech Code Category: Protest and Demonstration Policies
Two types of events require the appropriate Vice President’s approval. These are: 1) In the case of an event which a reasonable person would understand to be a protest or demonstration defined as a person or assembly of persons engaged in a rally, march, sit-in, fast or other public manifestation of welcome, approval, protest or disapproval but not social or athletic exhibitions or events; and 2) In the case of an event that might be reasonably expected to draw more than 200 members of the public and/or present The University with parking, safety or health problems.
[I]n order to balance rights and responsibilities, it is appropriate to require a reasonable and orderly scheduling of University facilities, resources, and personnel. In some cases and at The University’s sole discretion, this may involve the sponsoring organization hiring security personnel through The University’s Campus Security Department at the sponsoring organization’s expense.
Speech Code Category: Internet Usage Policies
The electronic communication facilities are not to be used for the transmission of commercial or
personal advertisements, solicitations, promotions, destructive programs, political material, or any
other unauthorized or personal use.
Use of the electronic communication facilities (such as electronic mail, telephone mail, or systems
with similar functions) to send fraudulent, harassing, obscene, indecent, profane, intimidating, or
other unlawful messages is prohibited.
University Student Conduct Policies & Procedures: Statement on Rights, Freedoms, and Responsibilities 14-15
Speech Code Category: Advertised Commitments to Free Expression
The University of Tulsa exists to promote the academic and social development of its students, the transmission of knowledge, the pursuit of truth, and a sense of responsibility toward self and society. A deep respect for the fundamental rights of expression, assembly and petition is indispensable to the attainment of these goals.
The rights of free inquiry and free expression, both public and private, are essential to the learning process and must be protected by the responsible and mutually supporting efforts of all segments of the University community. These rights shall not be infringed upon.
Speech Code Category: Advertised Commitments to Free Expression
The University recognizes that students have the rights and privileges granted to all citizens in the Bill of Rights – specifically freedom of speech, freedom of assembly, and freedom of dissent.
March 4, 2009
FIRE announces its Speech Code of the Month for March 2009: the University of Tulsa. While the University of Tulsa is a private institution, it promises its students all of the same free speech rights they would have at a public university: “The University recognizes that students have the rights and privileges granted to all citizens in the Bill of Rights—specifically freedom of speech, freedom of assembly, and freedom of dissent.” In order to keep this promise, the university must not prohibit speech protected by the First Amendment. Nevertheless, it does just that. The University of Tulsa’s harassment policy contains […]» Read More
November 17, 2006
Student Press Law Center (SPLC) reports another student newspaper theft, this time at University of Tulsa. Copies of The Collegian were taken from newsstands and then redistributed with unauthorized inserts. The additions to the paper included a picture of the paper’s managing editor extending her middle finger, as well as the website address of her online journal. Thursday Bram, the managing editor, said she believes fliers were put in about 700 copies of The Collegian’s 4,000 total distributed issues. Bram contends that the incident was retaliation for an article she wrote about allocation of students, in which […]» Read More