Location: Westfield, Massachusetts
Federal Circuit: 1st Circuit
Westfield State University has been given the speech code rating Red. A red light university has at least one policy that both clearly and substantially restricts freedom of speech. Read more here.
Red Light Policies
This policy proscribes all conditions and all actions or omissions, including all
acts of verbal harassment or abuse, which deny or have the effect of denying
to anyone his/her rights to equity, dignity, and security on the basis of his/her
race or color. This policy reaffirms the doctrine of civility, appreciation for
cultural/racial pluralism and the pre-eminence of individual human dignity as
preconditions to the achievement of an academic community which
recognizes and utilizes the resources of all persons.
Is intended to insult or stigmatize an individual or a small number of individuals on the basis of their gender, race, color, disability, religion, creed, age, sexual orientation, gender identity, genetic information, national origin, marital or veteran status; and
Is addressed directly to the individual or individuals whom it insults or stigmatizes; and
Makes use of insulting or "fighting" words or non-verbal symbols. In the context of discriminatory harassment by personal vilification, insulting or "fighting" words or non-verbal symbols are those that, by their very utterance, tend to incite to an immediate breach of peace, and that commonly understood to convey direct and visceral hatred or contempt for human beings on the basis of their gender, race, national origin, color, disability, religion, creed, age, sexual orientation, gender identity, genetic information, marital or veteran status.
and/or physical behavior of a sexual nature which has the effect
of interfering with a person’s academic, employment or other
status, or of creating a sexually intimidating, hostile or offensive
Physical abuse, verbal abuse, intimidation or threats to any member of the university community, visitor or guest. Ã¢ï¿½Â¨
Harassing, intimidating, or stalking any member of the College community, visitor or guest. This includes repeated verbal or physical annoyances, or threats committed by any means such as orally, electronically, or in writing.
Acts of bullying which consists of abusive conduct that a reasonable person would find hostile based on the severity, nature and frequency of the conduct and without regard to the method of delivery. This conduct may include, but not be limited to, repeated infliction of verbal abuse, such as the use of derogatory remarks, insults and epithets; or verbal or physical conduct of a threatening, intimidating or humiliating nature.