Location: Williamstown, Massachusetts
Federal Circuit: 1st Circuit
Williams College has been given the speech code rating Red. A red light university has at least one policy that both clearly and substantially restricts freedom of speech. Read more here.
December 15, 2000
FIRE successfully defeated a Williams College proposal that denied students’ right to free association by requiring clubs adopt non-discrimination language. Williams College only mentioned the category of sexual orientation—not, for example, the category of religion or race—and justified this imposition by asserting, without any specific citations, that Williams’ actions in this regard were “completely dictated by the Federal Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights guidelines for non-discrimination.”» Read More
Red Light Policies
Speech Code Category: Policies on Bias and Hate Speech
Bias Incident – Bias incidents are acts of conduct, speech, or expression that target individuals and groups based on race, religion, ethnic/national origin, gender, gender identity/expression, age, ability, or sexual orientation. Bias-related incidents, while abhorrent and intolerable, do not meet the necessary elements required to prove a crime. However, bias-related incidents do require the active participation of a community committed to fundamental human dignity and equality to successfully address.
Some examples of bias incidents include:
- Telling jokes based on a stereotype
- Offensive graffiti or images/drawing
- Avoiding or excluding others
- Posting or commenting on social media related to someone’s identity in a bias matter
- Calling someone the r-word, n-word, f-word… (in person, in writing, on social media, white boards, etc.)
- Using the phrase ‘no homo’
- Calling a person or a behavior ‘gay’ as an insult
- Making jokes or using stereotypes when talking about someone
- Saying that all ______ [people of a certain group or identity] are _____ [stereotyping]
- Using a racial, ethnic, or other slur to identify someone
- Making a joke about someone being deaf or hard of hearing, or blind, etc.
- Imitating someone with any kind of disability, or imitating someone’s cultural norm or practice
- Making comments on social media about someone’s disability, ethnicity, race, national origin, gender, gender identity or expression, sexual orientation, religion, or political affiliations/beliefs
- Writing on a white board about someone’s disability, ethnicity, national origin, race, gender, gender identity or expression, sexual orientation, religion, or political affiliations/beliefs
- Displaying a sign that is color-coded pink for girls and blue for boys
- Telling someone that they have to wear pants because they are male and a skirt because they are female [or other specific limitations and expectations]
- Drawing faith symbols on someone’s door not from the same belief, or drawing or writing over someone’s faith symbols
- Taking down someone else’s holiday decoration because you do not believe in that faith
- Drawing or creating pictures that imitate, stereotype, or belittle/ridicule someone because of their gender, gender expression, race, ethnicity, national origin, disability, sexual orientation, faith, or political affiliation
Speech Code Category: Internet Usage Policies
Williams College has written standards of conduct that seek to prohibit annoyance and harassment by any members of the Williams College community.
You may not use computing resources to violate the College’s standards of conduct. You may not distribute electronic chain letters or spam. These are not only annoying, but can also severely disrupt computing and network performance.
Speech Code Category: Harassment Policies
Unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature constitute sexual harassment when:
3. such conduct has the purpose or effect of unreasonably interfering with an individual’s performance by creating an intimidating or hostile educational or working environment.
The term sexual harassment covers a broad range of behavior. Examples of the forms it can take include sexually offensive remarks or conduct; repeated or persistent remarks, jokes, or other actions that are demeaning to one’s sex or sexual orientation; unwanted physical contact; requests or demands for sexual favors accompanied by implicitly or explicitly promised rewards or threatened punishment; attempted or completed physical sexual assault. Behavior that constitutes sexual harassment is actionable under the College’s discrimination grievance procedures.
Speech Code Category: Policies on Tolerance, Respect, and Civility
Accepting membership in this community entails an obligation to behave with courtesy to others whose beliefs and behavior differ from one’s own; all members and guests of this community must be free of disturbance or harassment, including racial and sexual harassment.
Speech Code Category: Advertised Commitments to Free Expression
Williams College…is committed to being a community in which all ranges of opinion and belief can be expressed and debated, and within which all patterns of behavior permitted by the public law and College regulations can take place.
September 5, 2014
By Jennifer Kabbany at The College Fix WILLIAMSTOWN, Mass. – Decades ago, Williams College had a reputation as a preppy, country clubish university, and it was in the midst of this atmosphere that a famed professor at the New England campus, Robert Gaudino, exposed students to the so-called real world. He’d ship them off – as close as America’s inner cities to as far away as Calcutta – to spend some time getting their hands dirty, so to speak; a process he called “Uncomfortable Learning.” “He would just put them on a plane and give them a much more viable […]» Read More
December 20, 2012
This winter, FIRE will be presenting a blog series on the state of free speech at ten of America’s top liberal arts colleges. First up: Williams College in Massachusetts. Williams fares quite well in comparison to many of its counterparts when it comes to protecting free speech on campus, but there is still room for improvement. Overall, FIRE gives Williams a “yellow light” rating for its speech codes because of several policies that could too easily be abused to punish protected speech. Although Williams is a private institution (as are all of the colleges in this series), and thus not […]» Read More
February 4, 2005
Tens of millions of people across America will watch the Philadelphia Eagles take on the New England Patriots in Super Bowl XXXIX this Sunday night. In a gesture of magnanimity before the big game, those of us at FIRE’s headquarters here in Philadelphia would like to tip our hat to all the New England college administrators we’ve dealt with throughout the years. Not far from New England’s home of Foxboro Stadium near Boston lies Harvard University, home of the Crimson, censorship of business students, and a whole host of due process concerns. Meanwhile, Patriot-supporting administrators at nearby Tufts University in Medford have […]» Read More
December 15, 2000
Morton Owen Schapiro President Williams College P.O. Box 687 Williamstown MA 01267 RE: Williams College Non-Discrimination Policy Dear Dr. Schapiro: As you can see from our Directors and Board of Advisors, FIRE unites civil rights and civil liberties leaders, scholars, journalists, and public intellectuals across the political and ideological spectrum on behalf of liberty, due process, legal equality, academic freedom, and—in the matter of a compulsory administrative order from Williams College Activities Coordinator Richard C. Kelley—voluntary association, freedom of speech, and religious liberty on America’s college campuses. Our webpage, www.thefire.org, will give you a fuller sense of our identity and […]» Read More