State University of New York - Albany
John Heim is an adjunct professor of economics at the State University of New York at Albany (UAlbany). Heim’s economic philosophy and research approach is Keynesian, which differs from the UAlbany economics department’s adherence to “Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium.” He applied for several tenure-track positions at UAlbany, but was denied because of his economic philosophy. Heim sued, alleging that UAlbany violated his First Amendment rights. The district court found for the university, holding that regardless of whether Garcetti applied, Heim’s scholarship and teaching were not protected by the First Amendment because they were not on matters of public concern. Heim appealed.