3.2. Sexual Harassment: Sexual harassment may be sex or gender based and occurs when the behavior is directed at someone because of their actual or perceived sex or gender or the behavior is sexual in nature. Sexual harassment creates a hostile environment when conduct is severe, pervasive or persistent so as to cause a discriminatory effect. Depending on the circumstances, conduct which may constitute sexual harassment includes, but is not limited to:
- Unwelcome sexual conduct toward an individual, including offensive comments, touching, or sexual propositions.
- Threats or insinuations that a person’s employment, academic standing, grade, assignments, or other conditions of employment or academic life may be adversely affected by not submitting to sexual advances.
- Leering, making sexual gestures, touching, patting, pinching, rubbing, or impeding or blocking movements, or displaying sexually suggestive objects,pictures, cartoons, or posters or sending suggestive or obscene letters, emails, notes, invitations, or gifts.
- Making or using derogatory comments, epithets, slurs, or jokes with sexual content.
- Persistent unsolicited and unwelcome invitations, of an implied or explicit nature, for dates or other encounters, or pressure to engage in sexual activity.
- Persistent inappropriate and unwelcome questions asked about another’s personal life.
- Comments to, or about, any individual or about their appearance that are sexually graphic or would otherwise tend to be considered degrading.
- Displaying, sending, forwarding, downloading, or otherwise distributing sexual materials via technology, including but not limited to email and the Internet, is allowed only with both the explicit consent of any person whose image, voice, or name may appear therein and the explicit consent of the recipient.