In general, harassment includes any verbal, written, or physical conduct that unreasonably interferes with or deprives someone with academic, social or work-related access, benefits, or opportunities in the College community. Harassment that is directed at a person’s actual or perceived race, gender, gender identity, sexual orientation, religion, disability or any other characteristic or behavior is prohibited at Macalester.
Hate incidents may also be a form of harassment. Hate incidents are words or actions that target, threaten, or attack an individual or group because of their actual or perceived race, color, national or ethnic origin, religious affiliation, gender, disability, or sexual orientation. It becomes harassment when these words or deeds unreasonably interfere with or deprive someone of educational access, benefits, or opportunities.
Two primary types of Harassment:
1. Hostile Environment
2. Retaliatory Harassment
1. Hostile Environment: Includes any situation in which there is harassing conduct that is sufficiently severe, pervasive/persistent and patently/objectively offensive that it alters the conditions of education or employment, from both a subjective (the victim’s) and an objective (reasonable person’s*) viewpoint. The circumstances to determine whether an environment is hostile could include:
- The frequency of the conduct
- The nature and severity of the conduct
- Whether the conduct was physically threatening
- Whether the conduct was humiliating.
- The effect of the conduct on the victim’s mental or emotional state;
- Whether the conduct was directed at more than one person;
- Whether the conduct arose in the context of other discriminatory conduct
- Whether the conduct unreasonably interfered with the alleged victim’s educational or work performance
- Whether the statement is an utterance of an epithet which engenders offense in an employee or student, or offends by rudeness
- Whether the speech or conduct deserves the protections of academic freedom
- *Reasonable person means a reasonable person under similar circumstances and with similar identities to the victim.