Sexual Harassment includes unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, offensive comments or other conduct based on sex, sexually motivated physical contact, or other verbal, nonverbal, or physical conduct or communication of a sexual nature, including sexual violence, when: …
- such conduct has the purpose or effect of substantially and unreasonably interfering with an individual’s employment or education, or of creating an intimidating, hostile, or offensive employment or educational environment
At Macalester, sexual harassment includes any sexual or gender-based verbal, written, or physical conduct that is unwanted and/or unreasonably interferes with or deprives someone of academic, social or work-related access, benefits, or opportunities in the College community or creates an environment that interferes with the wellbeing and/or success of an individual.
Two primary types of sexual harassment:
1. Hostile Environment: Includes any situation in which there is harassing conduct that is sufficiently severe, pervasive/persistent and patently/objectively offensive that it alters the conditions of education or employment, from both a subjective (the victim’s) and an objective (reasonable person’s*) viewpoint.
Other examples of sexual harassment:
Not all workplace or educational conduct that may be described as inappropriate affects the terms, conditions or privileges of employment or education. Some examples of sexual harassment include, but are not limited to:
- Requests for sexual favors.
- Punishing a refusal to comply with a sexual-based request.
- Offering a benefit (such as a grade, promotion, or athletic participation) in exchange for sexual favors or other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature
- Verbal abuse of a sexual nature or obscene language.
- Gender- or sexually-oriented jokes and comments.
- Displaying derogatory or sexually suggestive pictures or other objects in an office, on the exterior of a residence hall door, or on a computer monitor in a public space.
- “Rating” individuals’ bodies and sex appeal, commenting suggestively about their clothing and appearance, or other verbal commentary about an individual’s body.
- Visual conduct such as leering or making gestures.
- Gossip about sexual relations.
- Unwelcome sexual flirtations, attention, or advances.