Harassment. Harassment is unwelcome conduct (whether physical, verbal, written, or via technology) that is based on a protected class. Moreover, harassing behavior not based on any of the above discriminatory factors that creates a hostile educational or workplace environment also is unacceptable and subject to corrective action. Harassment has the purpose or potential effect of unreasonably interfering with an individual’s work performance or educational participation. Harassment violates this policy and is subject to disciplinary action when 1) enduring the offensive conduct becomes a condition of continuing in or receiving benefits in one’s employment or educational program, or 2) the conduct is severe or pervasive enough to create a work or educational environment that a reasonable person would consider intimidating, hostile, or abusive. Behaviors that could support a finding of harassment may include, but are not limited to: epithets or slurs, negative stereotyping, threatening, intimidating or hostile acts, bullying, denigrating jokes and display or circulation (including through e-mail) of written or graphic materials that are based on protected class and occurring within the learning, living, or working environment.
- Bullying is a single significant act or a pattern of acts of harassing behavior that is severe or pervasive enough to create a work or educational environment that a reasonable person would consider intimidating, hostile, or abusive or has the effect of physically harming an individual, damaging an individual’s property or placing the individual in reasonable fear of harm to the individual’s person or damage to the individual’s property. It includes cyberbullying, which is bullying done through an electronic communication device, including through the use of e-mail, text messaging, social media or the Internet.
- Hate speech is any act of harassment that incites imminent criminal activity or consists of specific threats of violence targeted against a person because of that person’s membership to a protected class. Hate speech does not cover speech that is ordinarily considered constitutionally protected speech or expression in the educational or public sphere.
Sexual Harassment encompasses unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical behavior of a sexual or gendered nature. It can include such behaviors as unwanted touching or unwelcome conduct (whether physical, verbal, written, or via technology) of a sexual or gendered nature. Sexual harassment occurs when: … such conduct is reasonably regarded as offensive and has the purpose or effect of interfering with an individual’s work performance or educational participation, or creating an intimidating, hostile, or offensive educational or working environment.