“Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.”

—The First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution

FIRE’s First Amendment Library

The First Amendment Library’s goal is to enhance the public’s understanding of the 45 words of the First Amendment and to do so in impartial, historical, analytical, practical, and accessible ways. FIRE’s First Amendment Library provides visitors core information about the First Amendment’s five freedoms: religion, speech, press, assembly, & petition.

Browse Freedoms

Freedom of Assembly

Freedom of assembly is the right of individuals to gather peacefully in public places in order to...

Freedom of Speech & Expression

Freedom of speech is the right to engage in expression without censorship or interference from go...

Cases on Campus

FIRE's First Amendment Library has a separate category for cases on campus because of FIRE's spec...

Freedom of Religion

The Free Exercise Clause of the First Amendment protects the freedom of religion for individuals ...

Freedom of the Press

The government cannot require the media to publish information against its will; prevent the publ...

Freedom of Association

Freedom of association is the right to form organizations, to associate with others who are so in...