Freedom of Association

MCCUTCHEON v. FEC, 134 S. Ct. 1434 (2014)

Argued:
October 08, 2013
Decided:
April 02, 2014
Decided by:
Roberts Court, 2013
Action:
Reversed and remanded. Petitioning party received a favorable disposition.

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CASE INFO

Facts/Syllabus:
The Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (FECA), as amended by the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002 (BCRA), imposes two types of limits on campaign contributions. Base limits restrict how much money a donor may contribute to a particular candidate or committee while aggregate limits restrict how much money a donor may contribute in total to all candidates or committees. 2 U. S. C. §441a. In the 2011–2012 election cycle, appellant McCutcheon contributed to 16 different federal candidates, complying with the base limits applicable to each. He alleges that the aggregate limits prevented him from contributing to 12 additional candidates and to a number of noncandidate political committees. He also alleges that he wishes to make similar contributions in the future, all within the base limits. McCutcheon and appellant Republican National Committee filed a complaint before a three-judge District Court, asserting that the aggregate limits were unconstitutional under the First Amendment.

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Topics: Campaign Finance, Freedom of Association, Freedom of Speech & Expression, Political and Electoral Process

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