In the last 12 months, more than 1,500 people submitted cases to FIRE when their rights were in jeopardy.

Hear their stories — and how we're fighting back — by subscribing today.

First Amendment Library:
Carl Rachlin


383 U.S. 131 (1966) BROWN ET AL. v. LOUISIANA.     No. 41. Supreme Court of United States.    Argued December 6, 1965. Decided February 23, 1966. CERTIORARI TO THE SUPREME COURT OF LOUISIANA.*132 Carl Rachlin argued the cause for petitioners. With him on the brief were Robert F. Collins, Nils R. Douglas, Murphy W…. Read more


Law enforcement instructed civil rights activists not to demonstrate directly in front of a courthouse. Law enforcement had complete discretion regarding how to apply Louisiana’s ordinance prohibiting assemblies from “obstructing public passages.”