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First Amendment Library:
Frans E. Lindquist


The defendant circulated a newspaper that criticized the United States’ involvement in World War I. He was charged under the Espionage Act of 1917 which granted the government wide latitude in punishing expression that could disrupt the United States’ war efforts. Affirming the defendant’s conviction, the Supreme Court stated, “a person may be convicted of a conspiracy to obstruct recruiting by words of persuasion.”