House Judiciary Committee Chairman Robert “Bob” Goodlatte, R-Va., has been a longtime advocate for freedom of speech on college campuses. Now, in a sit-down interview, Goodlatte tells FIRE about the importance of a bipartisan quest to ensure the future of free expression in higher education.
Since 1993, House Judiciary Committee Chairman Bob Goodlatte has represented Virginia’s Sixth Congressional district. Since 2013, the Roanoke, Virginia native has been chairman of the House Judiciary Committee, which considers legislation related to judicial proceedings and provides oversight on constitutional matters. Last June, the House Judiciary’s Subcommittee on the Constitution and Civil Justice held a hearing on the widespread violations of free speech rights on college campuses and invited FIRE President and CEO Greg Lukianoff to testify.
As a follow-up to the hearing, Chairman Goodlatte sent a letter last August to public colleges and universities that received FIRE’s “red light” rating for speech codes, urging them to bring their policies into line with their First Amendment obligations. By February of this year, a full six months after Goodlatte sent his original letter, 33 of the 161 colleges targeted had yet to respond. Determined to hold these schools accountable, Chairman Goodlatte sent each of them a second letter, which prompted institutions like the University of New Hampshire and Alabama State University to contact FIRE and work with us to reform their speech codes.
Chairman Goodlatte told FIRE it was his own education that inspired him to become a defender of free speech on campus.
“It’s something I have always been interested in [and] supportive of,” Goodlatte said, adding that he was involved in debate societies as an undergrad and law student.
Goodlatte pointed to the late Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia’s views on freedom of speech to explain the importance of free speech rights in higher education.
“Justice Scalia once said that education requires students to challenge one another’s ideas,” Goodlatte said. “The First Amendment does not protect people from hearing things they don’t want to hear, doesn’t protect them from having their feelings hurt. What the First Amendment does, with regard to free speech, is that it guarantees a right to free speech and we need to be making sure that people are stepping up and protecting that right.”
As an elected official, Goodlatte said free speech is a part of everyday life: Members of Congress exchange ideas with people of all different backgrounds, some they agree with and some they don’t.
The good news is that Goodlatte said universities’ response to the letters has been overwhelmingly positive, which was not something he necessarily expected.
“We weren’t sure what we would get at first,” Goodlatte said, “but I think most institutions have stepped up and said we are going to review our practices.”
“I think it is very, very important that public colleges and universities should be citadels of protection of the First Amendment,” Goodlatte said, “not places where somehow speech codes can be allowed to stifle the free expression of opinions on campus.”
Goodlatte’s advocacy is as timely as it is imperative. Recent surveys show Millennials are hesitant about free speech, and Goodlatte says that sentiment demonstrates why his anti-speech-code efforts are so important.
“As a part of growing up and as a part of learning about how to be a future leader, it is absolutely critical that one be exposed to ideas that challenge the way one thinks about things,” Goodlatte explained. “That’s what this whole effort is all about.”
FIRE applauds Chairman Goodlatte for his hard work protecting free speech both on and off campus. FIRE is always open to working with public officials to restore and protect free speech on college campuses.