McIntyre v. Ohio Elections Commission

In McIntyre v. Ohio Elections Commission, the Supreme Court decided, in a 7–2 ruling, that the distribution of anonymous campaign literature is protected by the First and Fourteenth Amendments. 

The Court held that anonymous speech about important public issues was “core political speech” and that any attempt by a state to regulate this speech must be “narrowly tailored” to achieve the state’s legitimate interest in prohibiting unknown authors from providing the electorate with fraudulent and libelous information. The Court found that the Ohio prohibition was not narrowly tailored because it punished all unknown authors, not only those who attempted to publish false and misleading information.