children salute feature

Library of Congress: Children saluting flag. Irwinville School, Georgia

Minersville School District, Board of Education of Minersville School District, et al. v. Gobitis et al.

By June 3, 1940

The Court upholds a Pennsylvania flag-salute law in Minersville School District v. Gobitis by a vote of 8-1. A Jehovah’s Witness family that had two children in the public schools challenged their expulsion on First Amendment grounds. “National unity is the basis of national security,” Justice Felix Frankfurter wrote for the majority. Only Chief Justice Harlan F. Stone dissented from the Court’s ruling, which would be overruled three years later in West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette.


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