When civil rights plaintiffs sue the government under Section 1983 for violations of their constitutional rights, like suppression of free speech, they often face steep odds stacked against them. Suing the government is expensive and can take years, but many constitutional violations do not result in high-dollar damages that a plaintiff can win. This makes it difficult for civil rights plaintiffs to find attorneys willing to represent them. To fix this problem, Congress passed a law allowing Section 1983 plaintiffs to recover attorneys’ fees from the government when they win. Importantly, the reverse is not true: Government defendants can recover their attorneys’ fees only when plaintiffs file extremely frivolous, bad faith Section 1983 claims. But in the Western District of Missouri, a federal court recently flipped that logic on its head.