Freedom of Speech & Expression

ERIC H. HOLDER, JR., ATTORNEY GENERAL, et al. v. HUMANITARIAN LAW PROJECT et al., 561 U.S. 1 (2010)

Argued:
February 23, 2010
Decided:
June 21, 2010
Decided by:
Roberts Court, 2009
Action:
Affirmed and reversed (or vacated) in part and remanded. Petitioning party received a favorable disposition.

CASE INFO
OPINIONS
RELATED CASES
RESOURCES & COMMENTARY
CASE INFO

Facts/Syllabus:
It is a federal crime to “knowingly provid[e] material support or resources to a foreign terrorist organization.” 18 U. S. C. §2339B(a)(1). The authority to designate an entity a “foreign terrorist organization” rests with the Secretary of State, and is subject to judicial review. Among the entities the Secretary of State has designated “foreign terrorist organization[s]” are the Partiya Karkeran Kurdistan (PKK) and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), which aim to establish independent states for, respectively, Kurds in Turkey and Tamils in Sri Lanka. Although both groups engage in political and humanitarian activities, each has also committed numerous terrorist attacks, some of which have harmed American citizens. Claiming they wish to support those groups’ lawful, nonviolent activities, two U. S. citizens and six domestic organizations (hereinafter plaintiffs) initiated this constitutional challenge to the material-support statute. Plaintiffs challenge §2339B’s prohibition on providing four types of material support—“training,” “expert advice or assistance,” “service,” and “personnel”—asserting violations of the Fifth Amendment’s Due Process Clause on the ground that the statutory terms are impermissibly vague, and violations of their First Amendment rights to freedom of speech and association.

Advocates for Respondent
Advocates for Petitioner
OPINIONS
RELATED CASES
Freedom of Speech & Expression

REED v. TOWN OF GILBERT, (2015)

Related Sub-Topic:
Content Neutrality
Freedom of Speech & Expression

In re STOLAR, 401 U.S. 23 (1971)

Related Sub-Topic:
Loyalty and Security
Freedom of Speech & Expression

SCALES v. UNITED STATES, 367 U.S. 203 (1961)

Related Sub-Topics:
Advocacy of Violence, Loyalty and Security
Freedom of Speech & Expression

NOTO v. UNITED STATES, 367 U.S. 290 (1961)

Related Sub-Topics:
Advocacy of Violence, Loyalty and Security
Freedom of Speech & Expression

YATES et al. v. UNITED STATES, 354 U.S. 298 (1957)

Lower Court Ruling:
Overruled (in part)
Related Sub-Topics:
Advocacy of Violence, Loyalty and Security
Freedom of Speech & Expression

ADLER ET AL. v. BOARD OF EDUCATION OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK, 342 U.S. 485 (1952)

Lower Court Ruling:
Overruled
Related Sub-Topic:
Loyalty and Security
Freedom of Speech & Expression

DENNIS ET AL. v. UNITED STATES, 341 U.S. 494 (1951)

Related Sub-Topics:
Advocacy of Violence, Loyalty and Security
Freedom of Speech & Expression

HERNDON v. LOWRY, SHERIFF, 301 U.S. 242 (1937)

Related Sub-Topics:
Advocacy of Violence, Loyalty and Security
Freedom of Speech & Expression

WHITNEY v. CALIFORNIA, 274 U.S. 357 (1927)

Lower Court Ruling:
Overruled
Related Sub-Topic:
Advocacy of Violence
Freedom of Speech & Expression

ABRAMS et al. v. UNITED STATES, 250 U.S. 616 (1919)

Related Sub-Topics:
Advocacy of Violence, Loyalty and Security
Freedom of Speech & Expression

FROHWERK v. UNITED STATES, 249 U.S. 204 (1919)

Related Sub-Topics:
Advocacy of Violence, Loyalty and Security
Freedom of Speech & Expression

DEBS v. UNITED STATES, 249 U.S. 211 (1919)

Related Sub-Topics:
Advocacy of Violence, Loyalty and Security
Freedom of Speech & Expression

SCHENCK v. UNITED STATES, 249 U.S. 47 (1919)

Related Sub-Topics:
Advocacy of Violence, Loyalty and Security
RESOURCES & COMMENTARY

Resources:

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Commentary:

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Topics: Advocacy of Violence, Content Neutrality, Freedom of Speech & Expression, Loyalty and Security

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