In 2021, almost 1,500 people submitted cases to FIRE when their rights were in jeopardy.

Hear their stories — and how we're fighting back — by subscribing today.

First Amendment Library:
Melvin L. Wulf


An advertisement carried in appellant's newspaper led to his conviction for a violation of a Virginia statute that made it a misdemeanor, by the sale or circulation of any publication, to encourage or prompt the procuring of an abortion. The issue here is whether the editor-appellant's First Amendment rights were unconstitutionally abridged by the statute. The First Amendment, of course, is applicable to the States through the Fourteenth Amendment. Schneider v. State, 308 U. S. 147, 160 (1939).


Students at Central Connecticut State College attempted to gain official recognition for a campus chapter of Students for a Democratic Society, a student organization famous for its activism, including “sit-ins” at various college campuses, on behalf of the Civil Rights Movement and against the Vietnam War. The college president denied recognition because he believed that the campus chapter held values antithetical to the college, would be a disruptive influence, and would not be independent of the national organization.