Ohio University and President Roderick McDavis have been warned by the Foundation for Individual Rights in Education of the possibility of legal action if OU does not revise two policies the organization says violate the First Amendment.
In a report released by FIRE on Dec. 15, OU received a "red-light" grade, indicating the school has "at least one policy that both clearly and substantially restricts freedom of speech."
FIRE is a nonprofit organization that tracks alleged violations of free speech at colleges.
According to FIRE, OU's sexual harassment policy and a section of the Student Code of Conduct that defines "mental or bodily harm to others" are worded in ways that prohibit constitutionally protected speech.
The third annual report issued red-light grades to 270 of the 364 schools studied.
After the report's release, FIRE sent letters to the presidents of schools that received a red- or yellow-light grade, warning them they may be held personally liable.
The policies are legal and would hold up in court, and that threatening the president's immunity as an agent of the state "is a bit of a scare tactic," said John Biancamano, OU's director of Legal Affairs.
"People have the right to have different points of view," Biancamano said. "But if we're comfortable that the policies are appropriate then we have nothing to worry about." He said OU has no plans to change the policies.
William Creeley, FIRE's director of legal and public advocacy, said because the letters inform university presidents of the unconstitutional policies, they will be unable to claim immunity if sued.
"Administrators continue to enforce these codes at their own peril," Creeley said. "If they are entertaining policies that violate first amendment laws, they will not enjoy immunity."
McDavis received the letter on Dec. 30 and thanked the organization for its policy evaluation last week, said Becky Watts, chief of staff for the president.
FIRE does not take legal action itself but has compiled a network of lawyers to bring cases against unconstitutional policies.
Lawyers working with FIRE have won court cases against schools such as Texas Tech University, San Francisco State University and Temple University.
"In the 11 cases that have had decisions, we've seen that every time FIRE rates a red-light school, the court agrees." Creeley said.
Samantha Harris, FIRE's director of speech code research, wrote the policy evaluation of OU and said both policies are worded too broadly.
Harris noted that the U.S. Supreme Court has defined harassment, in the educational context, as conduct "so severe, pervasive and objectionably offensive that it effectively bars the victim's access to an educational opportunity or benefit...
Schools: Ohio University