EAST LANSING, Mich., January 28, 2009—In a significant victory for freedom of expression on campus, Michigan State University has withdrawn “spamming” charges against a student government leader who criticized administration plans in an e-mail to professors. MSU junior Kara Spencer had carefully selected and e-mailed eight percent of MSU’s 5,000 faculty members, encouraging them to express their views about proposed changes to the academic calendar. Spencer’s cause has been supported by the Foundation for Individual Rights in Education (FIRE) and a dozen other civil liberties organizations.
“Michigan State did the right thing by withdrawing its bogus ‘spam’ charges against a student leader who was simply exercising her rights,” FIRE President Greg Lukianoff said. “Now MSU needs to suspend its unconstitutional spam policy so that students like Kara cannot be punished for responsibly engaging the MSU community. Of course, FIRE would be happy to advise MSU about pitfalls to avoid while crafting an effective spam policy, but the existing policy must go as soon as possible.”
Spencer’s ordeal began last semester when MSU’s administration revealed plans to shorten the school’s academic calendar and freshman orientation schedule. The controversial plans led members of the University Committee on Student Affairs (UCSA), a committee comprised of students, faculty and administrators, to meet and exchange e-mails in mid-September to construct a formal response. Spencer, a member of the committee, is Association Director of the student government.
On September 14, Spencer told UCSA that she would send individual faculty her own version of its letter. Spencer carefully selected 391 faculty members—roughly eight percent of MSU’s faculty—and e-mailed them her version of UCSA’s letter, arguing that the proposed changes “will greatly affect both faculty and students alike” and calling for “an inclusive dialogue among members of the University community.”
Two days later, MSU Network Administrator Randall J. Hall summoned Spencer to a mandatory “investigation” meeting. The next day, Hall alleged that Spencer had violated as many as five MSU policies by sending what he called unauthorized “spam.” After Spencer requested a hearing before the Student-Faculty Judiciary, FIRE wrote to MSU President Lou Anna K. Simon, calling on her to end the unconstitutional investigation. MSU chose to proceed with the hearing, however, and Simon erroneously claimed that the policy was acceptable because it was “content neutral.” In fact, MSU’s vague spam policy prohibits sending unsolicited e-mail to more than about 20—30 recipients over two days without prior permission and bans all such e-mails when they are “personal” or “political.”
Despite the fact that her e-mail was timely, carefully targeted, and concerned a campus issue, Spencer was found guilty of violating MSU’s “spam” policy. A formal “Warning” was placed in Spencer’s file, hurting her chances of obtaining employment or attending graduate school.
In response to the unjustifiable prosecution of Spencer, thirteen civil liberties organizations, led by FIRE and the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF), wrote an open letter to President Simon on December 17 challenging both the policy and its application against Spencer. FIRE also highlighted MSU’s absurd prosecution of Spencer in its Inauguration Day letter to President Barack Obama asking him to help fight campus speech codes.
Spencer appealed her punishment in January 2009. In the wake of Spencer’s submission of her appeal and the open letter from FIRE, EFF, and other civil liberties organizations, Spencer learned Thursday that the charges had been “withdrawn by the Complainant(s).” An attorney for Michigan State told FIRE that Spencer’s warning will be removed from her file and that students in Spencer’s position will not be referred for disciplinary action while the university is reviewing the policy. However, Michigan State has so far refused to suspend or revoke the unconstitutional policy, leaving students under the impression that it is still enforced.
“Withdrawing the complaint comports with the First Amendment, fairness, and common sense,” Will Creeley, FIRE’s Director of Legal and Public Advocacy, said. “However, every day this policy and other unconstitutional policies remain on the books is a day when MSU is abridging the rights of over 45,000 students. FIRE and the Electronic Frontier Foundation will be keeping the pressure on Michigan State to ensure that this unconstitutional policy is reformed.”
Until the unconstitutional policy is suspended or revoked, Michigan State will remain on FIRE’s Red Alert list of the worst offenders against campus liberty, together with four other schools that FIRE believes prospective students should avoid in order to protect their rights: Brandeis University, Colorado College, Johns Hopkins University, and Tufts University.
FIRE is a nonprofit educational foundation that unites civil rights and civil liberties leaders, scholars, journalists, and public intellectuals across the political and ideological spectrum on behalf of individual rights, due process rights, freedom of expression, and rights of conscience on our nation’s campuses. FIRE’s efforts to preserve liberty at Michigan State University and elsewhere can be seen by visiting www.thefire.org.