Explore Supreme Court opinions, overview essays, academic discussions, and other resources to get the full picture of how the United States’ culture of free speech and First Amendment law has developed over the years. Whether you’re an educator looking for classroom resources, a college student trying to understand your First Amendment freedoms on campus, or generally interested in your rights, our library and FIRE’s resources are here to help.
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(1) Do labor union officials have a 1st Amendment right to seize and use for political purposes the wages of nonmembers who have chosen not to become union members? (2) Does a state campaign finance law that prohibits labor unions and their officials from seizing and using the wages of nonmembers for partisan political campaigns without obtaining the non-members' affirmative consent violate the 1st Amendment rights of labor unions?
Did the Court of Appeals err in holding that under Bill Johnsons Restaurants, Inc. v. NLRB, 461 U.S. 731 (1983), the NLRB may, consistent with the First Amendment, impose liability on an employer for filing a losing retaliatory lawsuit, even if the employer could show the suit was not objectively baseless?
Whether a union of public employees may, consistent with the First Amendment, require non-union members covered by the collective bargaining agreement to help defray the cost of (1) lobbying activities unrelated to the collective bargaining agreement, (2) the parent union's collective bargaining costs, (3) disseminating information concerning the parent union's litigation activities, (4) public relations expenditures, (5) disseminating general information about job opportunities, professional development, and award programs, (6) sending delegates to the union's national convention, and (7) preparing for a strike that would have been illegal under state law.
Whether exercise of jurisdiction by the NLRB to certify unions as bargaining agents for lay teachers in schools operated by schools that are "religiously associated" violates the free exercise of such schools?
Whether an "agency shop" arrangement, authorized by Michigan law between a local government employer and a union representing local government employees, whereby every employee represented by the union, even though not a union member, was required to pay to the union, as a condition of employment, a service fee equal in amount to union dues, violated the constitutional rights of those government employees who objected to public sector unions or to various union activities financed by the compulsory service fees.