Michigan State University is committed to the principles of free speech and free expression embodied in the 1st Amendment to the Constitution of the United States. Freedom of speech is central to academic freedom and the related notion that a university should be an open marketplace for the exchange of ideas. The University also has a longstanding commitment to the principles of freedom of inquiry and freedom of dissent. These freedoms are vital to a robust intellectual exchange and the pursuit of knowledge. Different and competing views expressed as part of this exchange may cause discomfort or even offend members of the campus community. The University does not impose restraints on speech for these reasons, including the speech of outside speakers.