Sexual harassment: Sexual harassment is unwelcome conduct of a sexual nature. It includes unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal, nonverbal, or physical conduct of a sexual nature. A single instance of rape is sufficiently severe to create a hostile environment.
Sexual harassment can occur in one of two forms:
Hostile environment: This exists if the conduct is sufficiently serious that it interferes with or limits a student’s ability to participate in or benefit from the University’s program or an employee’s ability to perform his or her job. The more severe the conduct, the less need there is to show a repetitive series of incidents to prove a hostile environment, particularly if the harassment is physical.
Quid pro quo: This occurs when participation in or receipt of a benefit of the University’s program is made contingent on the provision of sexual favors for or by a person who has the authority to make decisions about participation or receipt of benefits or when the rejection of a sexual advance or request for sexual favors results in the denial of participation in or receipt of a benefit of the University’s program.
Examples of sexual harassment: 1) A student is sexually assaulted by another student; 2) A professor repeatedly asks a student to have sex with in order to get a better grade; 3) Students in a residence hall target another student by writing unwelcome sexbased comments on the student’s door; making negative, sex-based comments to the student in class, and threatening physical harm to the student.