Harming behavior which includes, but is not limited to, the true threat of or actual physical assault or abuse and also includes harassment. For the purposes of The Student Code, bullying is considered a form of harassment. Harassment is the severe or repeated use by one or more students of a written, verbal, or electronic expression, or a physical act or gesture, or any combination thereof, directed at another individual that has the effect of: causing physical or emotional harm to the individual or damage to the individual’s property; placing the individual in reasonable fear of harm to the individual and/or his/her property; or infringing on the rights of other University community members to fully participate in the programs, activities, and mission of the University. Bullying means the repeated use of a written, oral or electronic communication, or a physical act or gesture by one or more individuals, repeatedly directed at another individual that: (i) Causes physical or emotional harm or damage to property, (ii) places the target of such behavior in reasonable fear of harm to self, or of damage to property, (iii) creates a hostile environment or otherwise infringes on the rights of such individual or (iv) substantially disrupts the education process. Bullying shall include, but not be limited to, a written, oral or electronic communication or physical act or gesture based on any actual or perceived differentiating characteristic, such as race, color, religion, ancestry, national origin, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, socioeconomic status, academic status, physical appearance, or mental, physical, developmental or sensory disability, or by association with an individual or group who has or is perceived to have one or more of such characteristics.