Sexual or gender-based harassment is a form of discrimination that includes verbal, written, or physical behavior, directed at someone, or against a particular group, because of that person’s or group’s sex, gender identity, actual or perceived sexual orientation, or based on gender stereotypes, when that behavior is unwelcome and meets either of the following criteria:
(2) The behavior has the purpose or effect of substantially interfering with the individual’s work or educational performance by creating an intimidating, hostile, or demeaning environment for employment, education, University living, or participation in a University activity or program. Examples of this type of sexual harassment include:
- Unwelcome efforts to develop a romantic or sexual relationship;
- Unwelcome sexual advances or requests for sexual favors;
- Unwelcome commentary about an individual’s body or sexual activities;
- Unwelcome sexually-oriented teasing, joking or flirting
- Unwelcome back/shoulder massages; and
- Verbal abuse of a sexual nature.
Behaviors or communications may be verbal or nonverbal, written, or electronic. Such conduct does not need to be directed at or to a specific individual in order to constitute sexual harassment, but may consist of generalized unwelcome and inappropriate behaviors or communications based on sex, gender identity, actual or perceived sexual orientation, or gender stereotypes.