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Congressional committee to investigate University of Florida over testimony ban

A sign at the entrance to a House Oversight Committee hearing room in Washington, The House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the US Congress.

The House of Representatives Committee on Oversight and Reform sent a letter to the University of Florida on Thursday announcing an investigation. (Katherine Welles /

The University of Florida is facing a congressional investigation over its controversial decision, since reversed, to prohibit three professors from testifying in a voting rights case against the state of Florida.

On Thursday, Maryland Rep. Jamie Raskin and Florida Rep. Debbie Wasserman Schultz sent a letter to UF leadership announcing an investigation by the House of Representatives Committee on Oversight and Reform into concerns the university’s conflict of interest policies are “in violation of the First Amendment and in contravention of long-established principles of academic freedom.”

According to the letter, protecting First Amendment rights “falls squarely within Congress’s constitutional oversight authority.”

“We are concerned that UF is censoring its faculty based on viewpoint, which would set a dangerous precedent that flies in the face of its own commitment to freedom of expression,” the letter said. “We are also concerned that, possibly due to pressure from trustees, politicians, or others, UF has adopted and enforced a conflicts policy that undermines the academic and free speech values that are essential to American higher education.”

According to the letter, protecting First Amendment rights “falls squarely within Congress’s constitutional oversight authority.”

The committee is asking for UF to identify all individuals who were involved in crafting the university’s new conflict of interest policy, as well as any related documents or communications, including emails sent and received by UF President Kent Fuchs, Provost Joseph Glover, Assistant Vice President Gary Wimsett, and members of the board of trustees. UF has until Dec. 2 to respond to the committee’s request.

The letter from Congress caps a tough two weeks for Florida’s flagship university, which has faced a barrage of criticism for its decision to stop political science professors Sharon Wright Austin, Michael McDonald, and Daniel Smith from serving as expert witnesses in a lawsuit against the state’s new elections law, Senate Bill 90. 

Recapping the timeline:

  • FIRE sent a letter to UF on Nov. 1, demanding the university respect the constitutional rights of its faculty members, as well as the university’s own promises of academic freedom, and reverse its decision. 
  • The university’s accrediting body, the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools’ Commission on Colleges, announced an investigation on Nov. 2. 
  • Other faculty members came forward saying they too were told they could not testify due to the university’s new conflict of interest policy. 
  • The university backed down Nov. 5, agreeing to let the professors testify. Fuchs and Glover announced the creation of a task force “to review the university’s conflict of interest policy and examine it for consistency and fidelity.”
  • Just hours later on Nov. 5, three faculty members filed a lawsuit against UF over its conflict of interest policy. Three more faculty have since joined the lawsuit.

As FIRE pointed out in our letter, UF promises that it will not “stifle the dissemination of any idea, even if some members of our community find it wrong-headed, offensive, or hateful.” Moreover, university policy recognizes that academic freedom is “integral to the conception of the University as a community of scholars engaged in the pursuit of truth and the communication of knowledge in an atmosphere of tolerance and freedom.”

Now, UF is beginning to pay the price for not honoring those commitments.

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