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E-mail from Dean of Students Burgwell J. Howard to Northwestern University Students

---------- Forwarded message ----------
From: Burgwell J. Howard <>
Date: Tue, Oct 26, 2010 at 1:00 AM
Subject: Halloween Choices and the Northwestern Communty
To: Emily Melissa Morson [REDACTED]

To members of the Northwestern community:

The end of October is quickly approaching, and along with the falling leaves and cooler nights come the Halloween celebrations on our campus and in our community. These celebrations provide opportunities for students to socialize as well as make positive contributions to our community and the Evanston community as a whole. Two notable examples of the positive roles students play include: ‘Project Pumpkin’ sponsored by NCDC and 'Project Scare' sponsored by SAE Fraternity and Alpha Phi Sorority.

However, Halloween is unfortunately a time when the normal thoughtfulness and sensitivity of most NU students can be forgotten and some poor decisions are made. Last year our community came together in a forum ( to talk about the fallout from some widely publicized Halloween costumes and the history behind ‘blackface’, and why many feel this is so offensive. Blackface, for those who do not know, or do not remember involves the darkening one’s skin with polish, paint or some other substance with the goal of impersonating a person of African descent—has been a recurring practice over the past several generations. Blackface costumes, particularly during Halloween are not isolated expressions. In fact, instances of blackface have often disrupted college campuses (e.g. “ghetto parties”, “pimps and hos” and “gangsta” parties etc.) all over the nation, and images of students parading in blackface are documented as far back as the early twentieth century. (For those who were not here or unable to attend the forum we would suggest that you do a quick search on Blackface & Northwestern to get caught up on the discussion.)

The culturally unaware or insensitive choices people have made in the past have not just been directed one cultural group, but have often impacted religious beliefs, Asians, Hispanic/Latino, Women, Muslims etc.. In many cases the student wearing the costume has not intended to offend, but their actions or lack of forethought have sent a far greater message than any apology could after the fact…

So, if you are planning to dress-up for Halloween, or will be attending any social gatherings planned for that weekend, please ask yourself these questions before deciding upon your costume choice:

• Wearing a funny costume? Is the humor based on “making fun” of real people, human traits or cultures?

• Wearing a historical costume? If this costume is meant to be historical, does it further misinformation or historical and cultural inaccuracies?

• Wearing a ‘cultural’ costume? Does this costume reduce cultural differences to jokes or sterotypes?

• Could someone take offense with your costume and why?

Northwestern is a community that values free expression as well as inclusivity. And while students, graduate and undergraduate, have the right to express themselves, we would hope that people would actively avoid those circumstances that threaten our sense of community or disrespects, alienates or ridicules segments of our population based on race, nationality, religious belief or gender expression.

We are oNe Northwestern, and the actions of one effect us all..., so in whatever fashion you choose to participate in Halloween activities, we encourage everyone to be safe and thoughtful during your celebration.


Burgwell Howard - Dean of Students

Claire Lew - Associated Student Government, President

Candise Hill - Promote 360, President

Theo Greene and Patrick Ryan - Graduate Leadership Council, Chair & Asst. Chair