Each year, hundreds of thousands of students studying abroad must carefully consider the possibility that their destination country could operate under very different rules regarding freedom of expression.
The current research reveals that since 2015 targeting incidents are on the rise and are increasingly coming from within academia itself — from other scholars and especially from undergraduate students.
Over the past seven years, 537 incidents targeting a scholar for some form of professional sanction over constitutionally protected speech have occurred in higher education, and almost two-thirds of these targeting incidents have resulted in a sanction.
During the first half of 2021, FIRE coordinated aggressive and creative campaigns aimed at combating major threats to campus rights. FIRE secured 51 victories affecting more than 1.1 million college students.
Most college students in the United States should be able to expect that freedom of expression will be upheld on their campuses. For our 2021 report, FIRE surveyed the written policies of 478 colleges and universities, evaluating their compliance with First Amendment standards.